By James Ward Lee, Carolyn N. Barnes, Kent A. Bowman, Laura Crow, Ann Richards

In 1941, while the japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the U.S. stumbled on itself in a complete struggle, the folks of Texas rallied to the battle attempt. women and men rushed to hitch the militia. those that remained behind—men, girls, and children—were infantrymen at the domestic entrance: They rolled bandages, noticed airplane, educated for air raids, crammed jobs left vacant through carrier males, accrued scrap scrimped and stored and obtained by way of with rationed sugar, meat, sneakers, tires, and gasoline. Texas grew to become a middle for education and equipping the best battle computer the realm had ever seen.

World struggle II replaced Texas from oil and farm animals and cotton to and agribusiness.The know-how that grew out of the war—radar, tv, jet airplane, air-con for the masses—made a Texas that had now not been imagined prior to 1941. And the Texans themselves replaced, as they left the nation for overseas and for different components of the USA. They left the rustic for the town to paintings in and such a lot might by no means go back to the farm other than in retirement years.

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Extra resources for 1941: Texas goes to war

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Waco sailor Doris Miller of the West Virginia, who was to win the Navy Cross for his bravery during the attack, recalled that one of his duties was to awaken a heavy-sleeping young Ensign, Edmund Jacoby. As an enlisted man, Miller was forbidden to touch the officer, so he simply bent near the ear of the sleeper and shouted loudly, "Hey, Jake," and then ran for his life. Texan James Power decided to treat the battle as another Alamo.  Navy; Naval Institute Collection) Page 20 President Roosevelt addressing Congress, December 8, 1941 (National Archives) The most curious Texas story about Pearl Harbor took place at "The Snake Ranch," an enlisted men's bar near Pearl.

Nimitz came from Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country. General Claire Chennault of the famed Flying Tigers was a native of Commerce Page iii in northeast Texas, and Colonel Oveta Culp Hobby, organizer of the WACs, wasand isa Houstonian. Cynthia Guidici's "Women at War" reminds us that Texas sent some 12,000 women to war as WACs, WAVES, WAFs, WASPs and Women Marines. S. history. Military service and defense work performed by women who had been housewives and mothers before the war changed American women as nothing before had.

On December 7, 1941, Texas was far from a modern state by general American standards. Several counties were still ten years away from total electrification; running water and city sewer services were luxuries in hundreds of communities. Only a few small towns had organized police forces or full-time firefighters. Numerous communities had no central telephone exchanges, and dial phones were still 20 years away for some towns. There were few dams, lakes, and reservoirs. The WPA was responsible for most of the state's public parks, court-houses, libraries, and post offices, especially in smaller towns.

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