By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Dimitri T. Azar MD

Part three has been thoroughly reorganized for simpler use! you will discover extra real-life scientific examples, many new figures and new studying routines to assist gauge your figuring out of the cloth. part three offers a accomplished evaluate of scientific optics, together with present functions of optical phenomena akin to lasers, spectacles, IOLs and refractive surgical procedure. offers optics of the human eye; easy thoughts of geometric optics; ophthalmic tools and get in touch with lenses. imaginative and prescient rehabilitation can also be discussed.

Upon crowning glory of part three, readers may be capable to:

Outline the rules of sunshine propagation and picture formation and paintings via many of the primary equations that describe or degree such homes as refraction, mirrored image, magnification and vergence
Define a number of the varieties of visible notion and serve as, together with visible acuity, brightness sensitivity, colour notion and distinction sensitivity
Explain the optical ideas underlying numerous modalities of refractive correction: spectacles, touch lenses, intraocular lenses and refractive surgical procedure

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Additional resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 3: Clinical Optics

Sample text

Illustration developed by Kevin M. Miller, MD, and rendered by C. H. ) Paraxial Ray Tracing Through Concave Spherical Lenses In the examples we have used thus far, the lenses have been convex, or positive. Light emerges from a convex lens more convergent-or at least less divergent-than it entered. By contrast, a concave, or negative, lens makes light more divergent. The principles of paraxial ray tracing are the same; for concave spherical lenses as for convex spherical lenses. Consider a -2 D lens.

12 • Clinical Optics Point focus A Point spread function B Figure 1-12 A, Textbooks often illustrate images produced by lenses as stigmatic. B, In most cases, however, the images are not stigmatic. The point spread function reveals how faithfully an imaging system reproduces each object poir'lt. /Illustration developed by Kevin M . Miller, MD, and rendered by C H. ) Light Propagation An intensive investigation of light propagation was begun in the late 1500s. Numerous experiments measuring light deviation were conducted, and the data were collected and summarized as laws.

Illustration developed by Kevin M. Miller, MD, and rendered by C. H. ) 26 • Clinical Optics point. The rays that reach the lens are less divergent than they were when the lens was closer to the object (Fig l-26B). Close to the object point, the light is more divergent; farther from the object point, the hght is less divergent. Similarly, close to an image point, light is more convergent; farther from the image point, light is less convergent. Vergence is inversely proportional to distance from the object or image point.

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