By William M. Leiter
Affirmative motion has been and is still the flashpoint of America’s civil rights time table. but whereas the affirmative motion literature is voluminous, no complete account of its significant criminal and public coverage dimensions exists. Samuel and William M. Leiter research the foundation and progress of affirmative motion, its impression on American society, its present country, and its destiny anti-discrimination position, if any. educated by way of a number of various disciplines-law, heritage, economics, sociology, political technology, city experiences, and criminology-the textual content combines the correct criminal fabrics with research and remark from quite a few specialists. This even-handed presentation of the topic of affirmative motion is bound to be a beneficial relief to these trying to comprehend the issue’s many complexities.
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Additional info for Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis
1 Afﬁrmative action’s initial agenda was to complete the task that post-Civil War Reconstruction had undertaken, but abandoned, a full century earlier, namely, the integration of America’s black community into the economic and political mainstream. Afﬁrmative action’s operational concept was the achievement of nonracial civic equality—a notion that Reconstruction had inserted into our constitutional order. 2 Indeed, the inception of modern afﬁrmative action might best be understood as a continuation or revival of Reconstruction.
To be taken seriously as people, women have to share in the decisions of government, of politics, of the church—not just to cook the church supper, but to preach the sermon; not just to look up the zip codes and address the envelopes, but to make the political decisions; not just to do the housework of industry, but to make some of the executive decisions . . If we are going to address ourselves to the need for changing the social institutions that will permit women to be free and equal individuals, participating actively in their society and changing that society—with men—then we must talk in terms of what is possible, and not accept what is as what must be .
Liberal inclusiveness should guide us. ”122 Nonetheless, Edley urges careful research in order to determine how much preferential treatment should be afforded various groups. Such a study should concern itself with the following questions: Is it to be expected that a group will receive equal treatment without afﬁrmative action? ) How closely does economic need correlate with group membership? To what extent was coming to America voluntary? ”123) Questions of the Edley-kind prompted his Harvard colleague—Orlando Patterson—to propose an attenuated afﬁrmative action policy.