By Peyton E. Daniels
Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug exchange, yet lately has more and more turn into a spotlight for drug trafficking, relatively of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus looks to have resulted from structural shifts in foreign drug trafficking styles. This e-book examines how most sensible to stability temporary and long term counter-narcotics pursuits and techniques in Africa, how numerous U.S. civilian and army and overseas service provider counter-narcotics roles and tasks in Africa will be outlined and what kinds and degrees of assets those efforts may well require.
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Extra resources for Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues)
Html#link13e 24 For a more complete look at Bout and his transnational operations see: Douglas Farah and Stephen Braun, Merchant of Death: Money, Guns, Planes and the Man Who Makes War Possible, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2007. In: Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade ISBN: 978-1-61668-668-0 Editor: Peyton E. Daniels © 2010 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Chapter 4 STATEMENT OF THOMAS M. S. DEPT. S. SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICAN AFFAIRS, - "CONFRONTING DRUG TRAFFICKING IN WEST AFRICA" Thomas M.
While the Colombian organizations were for years able to keep the Bolivian and Peruvian structures from participating in any significant manner in the production of cocaine hydrochloride (HCL), or refined cocaine, those restrictions have eased as the Colombian organizations have weakened. Gen. Oscar Naranjo, commander of the Colombian national police, recently stated that Colombia, due to the weakness of the traditional groups, no longer produces 90 percent of the world's cocaine, as has been the case for most of the past two decades.
S. regional strategy and weaken African militaries unless the traffickers can be convinced now, while they are still establishing their networks, that West Africa, and the rest of the continent is not open for their business. Four years ago, only 10 percent of the cocaine destined for the European market first transited West Africa, but by 2007 we saw this estimate climb to nearly 60 percent, representing 180 to 240 metric tons and 18 percent of the total world cocaine production. In 2008, this fell to approximately 40 percent of the cocaine destined for Europe, likely due to the instability in Guinea and Guinea Bissau, two of the regions primary entry points.