By Mark S. Humayun, James D. Weiland, Gerald Chader, Elias Greenbaum

Artificial sight is a frontier sector of modern ophthalmology combining the multidisciplinary skills of surgical ophthalmology, biomedical engineering, organic physics, and psychophysical trying out. Many medical, engineering, and surgical demanding situations has to be surmounted ahead of common sensible purposes might be learned. The aim of Artificial Sight is to summarize the cutting-edge study during this fascinating sector, and to explain the various current approaches and tasks which can aid sufferers in a medical atmosphere.

The Editors are lively researchers within the fields of man-made sight, biomedical engineering and organic physics. they've got obtained quite a few specialist awards and popularity for his or her paintings. the synthetic sight workforce on the Doheny Eye Institute, led by way of Dr. Mark Humayun, is a global chief during this region of biomedical engineering and scientific research.

Key Features

  • Introduces and assesses the cutting-edge for a large viewers of biomedical engineers, biophysicists, and medical researchers
  • Describes advances in microelectronics, microfabrication, surgical implantation, and psychophysical trying out of visible prostheses
  • Outlines the promise of man-made sight and the demanding situations that has to be met

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Additional resources for Artificial Sight: Basic Research, Biomedical Engineering, and Clinical Advances (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering)

Sample text

Implantation of retina stimulation electrodes and recording of electrical stimulation responses in the visual cortex of the cat. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2000; 238(10):840–5. 54. Kass MA, Gordon MO, Hoff MR, et al. Topical timolol administration reduces the incidence of glaucomatous damage in ocular hypertensive individuals. A randomized, double-masked, long-term clinical trial. Arch Ophthalmol 1989; 107(11):1590–8. 55. Kass MA, Heuer DK, Higginbotham EJ, et al. The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study: a randomized trial determines that topical ocular hypotensive medication delays or prevents the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma.

To avoid the risks of implanting a stimulating prosthesis into the epiretinal or subretinal space, we have developed a new approach for electrode implantation, namely STS, which avoids direct contact of electrodes with the retina [14]. 1). The merits of STS method are that: (1) surgical technique is less complicated because vitreous surgery is not required for this method; (2) electrodes are not in direct contact with the retina because they are placed in the scleral pocket; (3) electrodes are easy to be removed or replaced because they do not contact with the retina; and (4) a wide area of the retina can be stimulated because electrodes are placed in the outer-coat of the eyeball.

AREDS report No 8. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of high dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss. Arch Ophthalmol 2001; 119:1417–36. 17. Macular Photocoagulation Study Group. Argon laser photocoagulation for neovascular maculopathy: five-year results from randomised clinical trials. Arch Ophthalmol 1991; 109:1109–14. 18. Fujii GY, De Juan E, Pieramici DJ, et al. Inferior limited macular translocation for subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation: 1-year visual outcome and recurrence report.

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