By D. Hanley
The titanic literature on globalization integration and supranational our bodies akin to the ecu dwells generally at the difficulties which such procedures pose for the geographical region. States are noticeable as desiring to supply responses to those new demanding situations, yet events inside these states are both challenged. David Hanley examines how events deal with these demanding situations and the way during which events act at supranational point.
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Additional info for Beyond the Nation State: Parties in the Era of Integration
In the short term the war brought about the destruction of the existing Internationals, as had happened in 1914. The context of postwar reconstruction revived transnationalism, however, and would give it new opportunities. From International to Transnational Party 41 The party families did not take long to rediscover their international links after 1945. The clearest example is the SI, which was able to refound itself at Frankfurt in 1951 (Donneur, 1983; Devin, 1993) by methods and on bases which were by now familiar.
Despite the presence of various leading international figures within its ranks, this body was in reality increasingly controlled by the strongest party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). With time, in fact, prestige in domestic politics became, in contrast to the customs of the SI, a positive barrier to membership of ECCI; the Soviets preferred ciphers who were indebted to them (Haupt, 1986: 91). The CPSU was in fact the core of the executive of the Soviet state. We therefore have a situation where a powerful state principal, albeit with a transnational guise, was able to create and direct the operations of a series of different national agents.
We refer to P/A theory, which can be used in a modified way, we feel, to make sense of an ongoing pattern of delegation of authority by national parties (Principals) to transnational Agents (TNP). We do not claim a perfect fit between this theory and the reality of the world 24 Beyond the Nation State of TNP, but we believe it nevertheless to be capable of shedding light on the problem. In their recent article on P/A theory as applied to the study of the EU, Kassim and Menon (2003) conclude that this theory is highly promising as an approach to understanding the realities of the EU but that it has perhaps promised more than it has achieved.