By Antonella De Robbio

Biobanks signify a useful study device. due to their intrinsic and extrinsic nature, they're seemed upon as records or repositories mostly made from libraries or collections of content material the place the content material is the organic fabric derived from assorted participants or species, and characterize worthwhile tangible resources. numerous contemporary projects in biomedical study have tried to make biobanks’ information freely to be had to others, as a way to foster innovation. lots of those tasks have followed the open resource version, which has received frequent acceptance within the laptop undefined. the writer analyzes elements of the commons and customary highbrow estate with regards to the innovations of non-public estate, not just touching on info yet organic fabrics to boot, and the benefits and downsides of patents in clinical learn. She has established the ebook into 8 chapters and discusses how the time period "biobank" took place in medical literature, criminal concerns in terms of biobanks, highbrow and actual estate, the highbrow estate of biobanks in the sphere of copyright, biotechnological innovations and study patentability, open information sharing in biobanks and biobanks as commons or vault.

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Nature Genetics 34: 25, 26. ncbi. gov/pubmed Carr, Geoffrey. 2010. 0. A decade after the human-genome project, biological science is poised on the edge of something wonderful. The Economist, no. 17, July. http://www. com/node/16349358 Caso, Roberto. 2010. Control over Biobanks’ Information: A Law and Technology Approach. In International Conference Comparative Issue in the Governance of Research Biobanks: Property, Privacy, Intellectual Property, and the Role of Technology. University of Trento, May 7–8, Trento.

In other cases, a patent for a specifi c process promotes research by allowing others to use the technology through the concession of a license but involves increased costs in research. Cambon-Thomsen (2003) points out the need for a system to measure the usefulness of a biobank as a whole, proposing the creation of a BIF Biobank Impact Factor, similar to the citation impact factor of publications, for evaluating the usefulness of a biobank with analytical bibliometric techniques. This would measure the biobank impact within the research community and at the same time recognize those who have established and maintained a valuable resource within it.

20. 21. 22. 23. 24. com/ book-special-features/henrietta-lacks-foundation/ Henrietta Lacks, a poor woman who was born in Virginia, but of African origin, and working in tobacco fields, was a mother of five children, who died at the age of 31 due to a malignant form of cervical cancer. The only hospital in Baltimore in the 1950s to accept AfricanAmerican patients. See article in La Repubblica, March 16, 2010 by Alberto Flores, “D’Arcais: The mother of immortal cells, and so, Henrietta changed medicine”: http://ricerca.

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