By J. C. A. Stagg
In reading how the us won keep watch over over the northern borderlands of Spanish the United States, this paintings reassesses the international relations of President James Madison. Historians have assumed Madison’s purpose in sending brokers into the Spanish borderlands among 1810 and 1813 was once to subvert Spanish rule, yet J. C. A. Stagg argues that his genuine motive used to be to discover peaceable and criminal resolutions to long-standing disputes over the limits of Louisiana at a time while the Spanish-American empire used to be within the technique of dissolution. Drawing on an array of yank, British, French, and Spanish assets, the writer describes how a myriad solid of neighborhood leaders, officers, and different small gamers affected the borderlands international relations among the United States and Spain, and he casts new mild on Madison’s contribution to early American expansionism. (20100301)
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Additional info for Borderlines in Borderlands: James Madison and the Spanish-American Frontier, 1776-1821 (The Lamar Series in Western History)
Madison was to be involved in all these disputes, although between 1783 and 1786 he acted as a member of the Virginia Assembly and not as a delegate in Congress. 51 From the vantage point of the Virginia Assembly, the main problems to settle were the Mississippi boundary and the navigation of the river. These were critical because of their importance to Kentucky, where a movement to separate from Virginia had been under way since 1779. 52 The alternatives, they hinted, were either to join with Spain in order to secure the navigation to New Orleans or to turn to Great Britain to obtain access to the northern reaches of the Mississippi, the Great Lakes, and the St.
Claims that Jay would likely encounter in Madrid. His report, accordingly, was cast as a sustained defense of the territorial ambitions of the United States, in which Madison at once recapitulated past American thinking on the issues at stake while pointing to the ways in which he and others would approach them in the future. At the heart of the report were conclusions Madison drew from the case for independence and the Model Treaty, namely that the confederated states were the rightful successors to Great Britain’s North American empire and that Britain had acquired its territories not for itself but for all Americans.
If Great Britain did take these Spanish colonies, though, Jefferson and Madison realized the United States “should have to re-take them” and bear all the costs and risks of war. To reach this conclusion was to anticipate the worst possible outcome, but before that point was reached they chose to suppose that Spain might understand it could not prevent Great Britain from capturing Florida and Louisiana. They suggested that Spain might consider granting independence to those colonies, in which case France, Spain, and the United States could then join together in guaranteeing their independence.