By Michael Gehler, Wolfram Kaiser

For the 1st time, this ebook finds the particular roles of the Christian Democratic (CD) events in postwar Europe from a pan-European perspective.

It exhibits how Christian Democratic events grew to become the dominant political strength in postwar Western Europe, and the way the ecu People's social gathering is at present the biggest staff within the ecu Parliament. CD events and political leaders like Adenauer, Schuman and De Gasperi performed a very very important position within the evolution of the 'core Europe' of the EEC/EC after 1945.

Key chapters deal with an identical questions on the events' club and social association; their fiscal and social rules; and their eu and foreign guidelines throughout the chilly struggle. The publication additionally comprises survey chapters starting up the foreign political context for CD events and evaluating their postwar improvement, and chapters on their transnational social gathering cooperation after 1945.

This is the spouse quantity to Political Catholicism in Europe 1918-1945.

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The Catholic milieu slowly began to dissolve in the 1960s. As the other parties did not propagate ‘un-Christian’ policies after all, the party was forced to find a new direction. The party, which had in the meantime renamed itself the CVP, now described itself as the ‘dynamic centre’. The word ‘dynamic’ replaced the word ‘conservative’ and was supposed to raise new electoral hopes. The Successful as a 'go-between' 37 party had actually held its position in the centre since 1957, though and it did not promise anything really new.

43 See Hanns Jürgen Küsters, ‘Der Streit um Kompetenzen und Konzeptionen deutscher Europapolitik’, in Ludolf Herbst, Werner Bührer and Hanno Sowade (eds), Vom Marshallplan zur EWG. Die Eingliederung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in die westliche Welt (Munich 1990), pp. 335–70. 44 ‘Rede Erhards vor der 14. Handelshochschule St. Gallen’, 15 January 1962 in idem, Wirken und Reden (Ludwigsburg 1966), pp. 166–85, here p. 179. 45 See Hanns Jürgen Küsters, ‘Walter Hallstein und die Verhandlungen über die Between concentration movement and people's party 31 Römischen Verträge 1955–1957’, in Wilfried Loth, William Wallace and Wolfgang Wessels (eds), Walter Hallstein—Der υergessene Europäer?

From a structural viewpoint, the possibilities for SKVP influence were therefore not great and the leading Catholic politicians often complained in the leading party committees about having very little say in foreign policy. The SKVP/KCVP’s European policy showed signs of weariness, however, long before the free trade treaty between the EC and Switzerland was signed in 1972. 49 The referendum about the free trade treaty was reported briefly in a couple of lines in the CVP’s 1972 yearbook under the summaries of referendum results.

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